The impornant of Livestock in Sudan

 

Introduction


• Sudan is characterized by multiple climates that impact on the diversity of livestock where camels are concentrated in the northern belt and cows in the southern and western belt while sheep (sheep and goats) spreading in all parts of Sudan. In addition to the fisheries, poultry and equine species according to the climatic conditions.
• Rain rate ranges in Sudan from 100 mm to 1000 mm, at least while temperatures ranging between 45 degrees (in summer) to 10 degrees (in winter) and agricultural land represents more than a third of Sudan area, while actually exploited them does not exceed 1/5 of agricultural area.
• Sudan has water resources with a variety of sources, including the possibility of water harvesters.

The importance of the livestock sector:-

Sudan food animals (cattle, sheep, goats, camels) are estimated at 105 million heads (2015). There are as well other animals. The importance of livestock is attributed to their economic and social contributions which can be summarized in:

a) Provision of high percentage of food security needs such as meat (100%) , milk (95.5%) , poultry products (72%) , fish (60%) table (1/22%) shows the animal products in Sudan.

Animal product (000 tons) :-

Year

milk

Red meat

Fish meat

Poultry meat

eggs

Hide &skin

2011

4273

1427

72

40

38

52

2012

4318

1456

87

45

40

53

2013

4359

1466

89.13

55

45

53.5

2014

4391

1476

91

60

50

53.8

 

 

livestock contribution in the GDP :-

years

Agriculture sector

Petroleum sector

Livestock sector

2009

30.8

8.3

17%

2010

31.3

7.5

17%

2011

31.5

5.3

19%

2012

30.4

3.3

20%

2013

30.6

2.9

20%

2014

30.7

2.0

21%

 

c ) Contribute by about (20-25%) of the non petroleum exports and 20-30% of the agriculture sector exports.

d ) Provide employment and jobs for 40% of the population.

e) Have big contribution in vitalizing other related production and service activities.

f) Crown Sudan as the largest exporter of meat, live animals and  hides and skins among African and Arab countries.

g ) Provide draught and land preparation force specially in rural areas.

h ) Used in sportsmanship, races and as transport and pack means.

i ) Place owners in good social prestigious positions.

= Represent a key sector of the agricultural sectors.
= Contribute about 20% of GDP and 25% of non-oil exports.
= An estimate of about 104 million head, 29.6 million head of cattle, 39.3 million head of sheep, 30.6 million of goats and 4.7 million head of camels.
= Large numbers of horses and donkeys.
= Estimated numbers of poultry and fish.
= Sudan is characterized by Large numbers of wild animals
= Provide jobs for about 40% of the population.
= Provide food security of red meat, dairy products, poultry (eggs and meat) and fish.
= Contribution in loading, transportation and deportation in the countryside and the outskirts of cities.
= Represents 8% of Zakat revenues in Sudan.
= Source of revenue for state and local budgets.
= Community Relations (donations, Blood Money and livestock trade ............).
= Pastoral sector represents 90% of livestock.
= Estimate total forage resources in Sudan 50.0 million tons of dry matter:-        36.3 million tons natural pastures, 13,55 million tons vegetable waste, 55 million tons of feed irrigated and 0.20 million tons of concentrates.

 

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